Basketball In 1891, he worked as a physical trainer at the YMCA College in Springfield, Massachusetts. By James Naismith in Winter…
The basketball game known today, in December 1891 in Springfield, Massachusetts to determine the status of young athletes in the cold months, Dr.. Created by James Naismith. The materials consisted of peach baskets and a ball in the style of an American football ball. He organized 13 rules for the new game. He divided the ten players into two teams of nine players each, and first prepared himself to teach them the basics of the new game. The purpose of the game; the balconies of the gymnasium balcony was thrown the ball into the fruit baskets, to pass through them. Each time the number was scored, the game was stopped so that the hall attendant could climb the ladder and take the ball out of the basket. After a while, the bottom of the fruit baskets were removed. The first public basketball game was played on March 11, 1892 in Springfield, Massachusetts.
James Naismith created this game because he saw the need for a sport that was less prone to injury than American football. The game spread quickly and became popular in the 20th century, first in America and then worldwide. His entry into American colleges as a sport was followed by the establishment of the professional league. Founded in 1946, the American National Basketball Association (NBA), by the end of that century turned into a business of billions of dollars, and basketball, became an integral part of American culture.
First Basketball Rules
In the “basketball” game there were only thirteen rules at the beginning:
The ball can be thrown in any direction with one or two hands.
The ball can be hit in any direction with one or two hands.
A player cannot run with the ball, the player must pass the ball from where it catches, for this rule only a player who catches the ball while running at good speed may be allowed.
The ball should be held in or between hands, arms or body should not be used to hold the ball.
It is forbidden to throw, hold, push, open or strike the opponent in any way. The first violation of this rule by any player is considered a foul, in the latter case the player will be disqualified until the next number is reached, or if it is clear that he intends to injure the other player, he will leave the game until the end of the game and will not be substituted.
Punching the ball is in violation of rules 3 and 4 and applies as described in rule 5.
If either party commits three consecutive fouls, it will be counted as one point for the opposing team.
If the ball passes through the basket when it is thrown from the field, the number is counted. The ball remains on the edge of the basket and counts if the opponent touches the ball.
When the ball is out of bounds, it is inserted from outside and the player who touches the ball first plays. In the event of a dispute, the referee will throw the ball into the court. The player who will put the ball into play is allowed for five seconds. If it takes longer to put the ball into play, the ball will pass to the opponent. If any party insists on delaying the game, the referee will foul them.
The 2nd referee will note the fouls and notify the referee when a team commits three fouls.
The referee is the judge of the ball and decides when the ball will enter the game, the limits and the party to which the ball belongs and holds the time. Decides when a number is made and usually keeps an account of the numbers scored along with other tasks performed by an arbitrator.
Play time; It is between two fifteen minute half and five minute rest.
The highest scorer is declared the winner. In the case of a tie, the game is continued with the agreement of the captains until another number is reached.
Development of Basketball
The first professional league was established in 1898 in the United States. Six teams took part in the National Basketball League. This league was terminated in 1904. Then many small championships were held. On June 6, 1946, the Basketball Association of America (BAA) was founded in New York City. After merging with the National Basketball League (NBL) in 1949, it became the National Basketball Association (NBA) as we know it today. From the beginning of the 21st century, the NBA is the most important professional basketball league in the world in terms of popularity, salaries, talent and competitiveness.
After his arrival in Europe, basketball developed very quickly. In 1909 the first international match was held in Saint Petersburg: Mayak defeated the YMCA American team in Saint Petersburg. The first major European basketball event was held in 1919 at the Inter-Allied Games in Joinville-le-Pont near Paris. Under the leadership of future Hall of Fame player Max Friedman, he won against the USA, Italy and France, and then Italy defeated France. Basketball quickly became popular among the French and Italians.
World basketball was growing and on June 18, 1932 a real international organization was established to coordinate tournaments and teams. Argentina, Czechoslovakia, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Portugal, Romania and Switzerland established the International Basketball Federation (FIBA) in Geneva. This federation was very important for the first time basketball took part in the Berlin Olympic Games in 1936. The first basketball gold was won by the US national team and Canada was the second. Games were played on the outdoor clay court. The first Basketball World Championship was held in Argentina in 1950.
what is basketball
Basketball is a popular team game and sports played with a hand-held ball. In professional basketball, two teams of five each try to win a match consisting of four periods of twelve, ten or eight minutes, passing the ball through a circle parallel to the ground, called the pot, with a height of 3.05 meters above the ground.
It is played in the indoor hall and the outdoor court. In indoor halls, the base of the rectangular basketball court is usually made of hard wood. The dimensions of the area vary, but according to FIBA standards, it is 28 m x 15 m. the play field is divided two by Centerline. In the middle of this line, a circle called middle round is drawn. In addition, the air is fired from here. There is a pot on the short side lines (bottom lines) of the basketball court. The crucible is 1.2 meters inside the bottom line and consists of a 1.8 m x 1.2 m (usually) pan and circle made of glass white plastic. The circle on the pot is 3.05 meters above the ground. Circle, 45 cmin diameter, made of iron, open bottom, white mesh is attached to the edges. Basketball is played by hand, and the ball thrown into the circle from the top through the net down the number of thought.
The dimensions of the basketball ball are also regulated. The official size of the basketball for men is 74.93 cm. (Also called the ball number 7.) and weighs 623.69 grams. The circumference of the basketball for women’s basketball is 72.39 cm. It weighs 567 grams. (It is also called the ball number 6.). In street basketball, known as 3 × 3, a custom-made ball with a size of 6, but the weight of a 7-ball is used. This special ball in street basketball is used in all basketball games for men, women and mixed. You can reach our article about basketball balls and their features here.