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What is Athlete Health?

The most risky branches in sports injuries; Football, Rugby, Ice Hockey

Sports is your greatest passion. You do sports regularly and see sports as an indispensable part of your daily life. Or your biggest dream is to do sports. When you find time with your friends on the carpet field ball running. Perhaps you are trying to prove how assertive you are in basketball, like in school years on holidays. Do you know that there is a risk of injury while doing sports? Whether you’re a professional or an amateur, sports injuries are one of the most important specialties in medicine today.

It is recommended that people considering sports should undergo a physician control and determine the risk factors related to the sport of interest. Especially when starting sports at a young age, the doctor’s role in the selection of sports branch becomes very important.

The most risky sports football, the most risky sports in terms of injury is the leading football. Then comes contact sports like rugby, ice hockey, basketball. High-speed sports such as motorcycle, car, ski sports are at risk for injury severity.

Soft tissue trauma is the most common type of sports injury. Muscle and skeletal injuries are more common in the lower extremities. Among the direct contact sports, football is one of the sports with the highest risk of injury. Approximately 50 percent of injuries are responsible for direct contact. Only 30 percent of the injuries were due to fouls. Defender players are injured more often than other players. Most of the injuries in football are seen in the lower extremities. This rate varies between 56-76 percent in different studies. This is followed by upper extremity with 23 percent and head trauma with 14 percent.

How are sports injuries diagnosed?

The diagnosis of sports injuries is primarily based on an experienced and detailed history of predicting the damage to the athlete’s mechanism of injury. The diagnosis is confirmed by physical examination and necessary imaging techniques. Since sports injuries are mostly related to musculoskeletal system, conventional x-ray and tomography are used for imaging. MRI is used to show soft tissues.

How is the treatment performed?

The goal in the treatment of sports injuries is to return the athlete to th

e sport with the best possible performance in the shortest possible time, which will not cause the injury to prolong or recur. The treatment is mainly divided into conservative and surgical treatment.

Medical and physical therapy are parts of conservative treatment. No matter which method is preferred in the treatment of musculoskeletal injuries; to maintain the flexibility and range of motion of the player during the healing process and to ensure that the player can return to the sport as soon as possible without causing a decrease in muscle strength and resistance. Surgical treatment should be the treatment of choice if it is possible to return the athlete to the sport in a shorter time or with better performance than conservative treatment. Improvements in surgical techniques in sports traumatology in the last 5 years; chondroplasty, free cartilage transplantation, arthroscopy easily applied to different joints, meniscus sutures and new techniques in ligament surgery.

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